Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Camera Shots, Angle and Movement

Basic Camera Angles
Over the shoulder shot
Used when two people are having a conversation. The back and shoulder of the person is used to frame whoever/whatever the camera is focused on.
High angle shot
Any shot above eye level of the characters. Used to make people look small/vulnerable, when they are having a conversation with someone above them or to make the shot more dramatic.
Low angle shot
Any shot below the eye line used to make character look larger, other characters smaller or to make them look more imposing/dramatic.

Basic Camera Movements
Tracking shot
Where the camera is moving along on a dolly next to, away from or towards the subject.
Sideways tracking (crab shot)
Where the camera is moving sideways to follow the subject.
Tilt shot
Where the camera is stationary and moves vertically to follow the subject. Can also be used to end a scene.
Using the camera to create the effect that you are moving closer to the subject .
Arc shot
Like a tracking shot but the camera moves in an arc around the subject instead of beside it.
Crane shot
Shot taken by a camera on a crane or jib to get an overhead view.
Panning shot
Like a tilt shot but the camera moves horizontally. Can be used to follow a moving subject.

Basic Camera Shots
Extreme long shot
Where the camera shows a large area around a subject or a landscape. Whole subject is in the shot usually smaller as it is more focused on the landscape.
Establishing shot
Used to show where the subject is or what is happening usually a long or extreme long shot.
Long shot
The camera shows an area around the subject. The whole subject is visible in the shot.
Mid shot
Shot from a medium distance usually fits most of the subject into the frame.
Two shot
A shot involving two people sometimes with one in the foreground and one in the background or two people in conversation.
Close up
Used to display details as they usually show the subject and not much of the area around them.
Extreme close up
Very close to the subject e.g. subjects eye. This can be used to make the shot more dramatic or to make a point of something.
Point of view
Used to show what the character is seeing. Can be used with more than one character.

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